Regiment:               Highland Light Infantry, 9th Btn.  

Rank & Number:     
Lieutenant; formerly Private, 2820  

10 February 1884; Burntshields,

                       18 December 1938; Beach House, Fairlie  

Military Cross

JOHN MANN SUMMERS was born 10 Feb 1884 at Burntshields, Kilbarchan, Renfrewshire, to parents James, wholesale stationer, and Hannah Mary Annie McLean Coventry (who were married in Switzerland on 15 Feb 1882).  He died of lung cancer on 18 Dec 1938 at home at Beach House, Fairlie (aged 54, wholesale stationer, married).  

He married Gertrude Mary Hardie or Cowan in Glasgow in 1917.  

His father John Summers established Mann, Summers & Co., Wholesale Stationers along with his partner John Mann.  The 1888 Glasgow Index of Firms described it as “one of the most important houses in its line in Glasgow.  Established as mercantile and export stationers in 1878 at Buchanan Street, they removed in the following year to the very extensive and convenient premises at 3, 5 and 7, West Regent Street, from which, owing to continued increase in their business, they have recently moved into more extensive and central headquarters in South Hanover Street, where they give constant employment to over sixty persons. The sole partners are Mr. John Mann and Mr. James Summers”  

In the 1891 Census, aged 7, he is living 111 Hill Street, Glasgow with parents James (40, b. Whitevale, Glasgow, wholesale stationer) and Hannah (33, b. Whitevale, Glasgow)  

In the 1901 Census, aged 17 and a coal merchant's clerk, he is living Ferry Park, Kilmun, Argyll with parents James (50, wholesale stationer) and Hannah (43), 6 siblings and 2 maids  

In the 1911 Census, he is aged 27, living Partick, Glasgow in household with James (60) and Hannah (53)  

The 1920 Valuation Roll has John Mann Summers, coal merchant, tenant at Beach House (villa, offices, house, ground, stables); the proprietor is given as his wife Gertrude M. Summers.    

Enlisted 07 Sep 1914 (age 30, coal merchant, next of kin father).  First theatre of war entered was France on 11 Nov 1914, where he served until 10 Apr 1916.  He was commissioned on 04 Aug 1916.  His medal index card shows he received the 1914 Star and the British War and Victory medals.  On 18 Oct 1917, the London Gazette reported that he’d been awarded the Military Cross:-         

    2nd Lt. John Mann Summers, High. L.I.

    For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty.  When the enemy attacked he led a counter   
    attack across the open, and afterwards went out, under heavy fire, and brought in a badly
    wounded man.  Prior to the counter-attack he removed the wire from an enemy block under rifle
    and machine-gun fire.  Throughout the day he showed the greatest coolness and resource, 
    which were a fine example to all.

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Fairlie Community Association SCIO
Scottish Charity No. SC028785